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Diet

I have a great Dietician, Lauren Ponting. I have found her very helpful in teaching me how to Carb Count, foods I should/shouldn’t eat and also race/training nutrition. If you want a good dietician and you are in the Cape Town area drop me a message and I will give you her details.

These are some gems I have learnt from her (I am sure I will learn more gems as time goes by):

Eating healthy and knowing your intake can help you control your blood glucose.

Knowing how many carbohydrates you’re eating and how much insulin you need to cover these carbohydrates helps you manage your diabetes as you will hopefully have fewer hypos and hypers.

Ultimately eating and dosing correctly decreases your risk of long-term complications by decreasing your short-term complications (hypos and hypers).

A diet for Type 1 diabetes is the same as that for the general population – based on healthy eating principles:

  • Regular meals, include some starchy carbohydrate with your meal (particularly if you exercise a lot).
  • Choose whole grain carbohydrates, aiming to increase fibre intake where possible.
  • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight and take sufficient exercise.
  • Eat at least 5 fruit and vegetable portions per day. (I need to eat more)
  • Eat fewer high fat foods, particularly those containing saturated fat (e.g. meat fat, cheese, butter, ghee, cream) and consume low-fat dairy.
  • Substitute sugar rich foods with low sugar alternatives.
  • Reduce dietary salt intake.
  • Aim to eat 2 portions of fish a week, one of which should be oil (salmon, mackerel, herring, fresh tuna, pilchards, trout). (I need to eat more)
  • Drink alcohol only in moderation.

Exercising allows you more flexibility in your diet as it will allow you to sometimes have a snack or a small treat, and often a time when larger amounts of food must be eaten depending on the length and strength of exercise.


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