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Trying to understand diabetes:

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose(basically sugar). The glucose is transported in our blood. Now our muscles and cells use glucose as fuel to work. So our bodies use insulin to help cells absorb the glucose from the bloodstream. Without insulin your bodies would be starved of the energy and fuel we need from food.

Insulin is made in a gland called the pancreas. When someone has diabetes their pancreas either doesn’t produce the insulin they need or their bodies can’t use its own insulin properly.

This means that people with diabetes cannot use enough of the glucose that we get from the food and therefore the glucose in the blood increases.

Types of diabetes:

There are mainly 2 types of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes means that your pancreas produces very little or no insulin. The beta cells in the pancreas which releases the insulin are being destroyed or are destroyed . This means you have to inject insulin. Fewer people with diabetes have type 1.

Type 2 diabetes means that your body cannot use the insulin effectively. Most type 2’s are resistant to the insulin which mean that they may have to take large quantities of insulin. Most people with diabetes have type 2. People with Type 2 diabetes sometimes can manage it better with some lifestyle changes.

But regardless of being Type 1 or 2, exercise, healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle can help manage your condition.

Before exercising and changing your diet you would want to consult your doctor.

Symptoms to look out for:

Common symptoms for Type 1 diabetes are: excessive thirst, sudden dry mouth, constant hunger, urinating a lot, weight loss for no reason, rapid hard breathing and weakness. These symptoms might be sudden.

Symptoms for Type 2 are similar to Type 1 but can often be less obvious and hard to see. Some type 2s have no symptoms and are only diagnosed after many years of having it. Their symptoms can be: fatigue, urinating a lot, thirst, blurred vision, slow healing sores or infections, numbness of feet and legs, heart disease and obesity.

If you have these symptoms you want to get to a doctor immediately and get tested.


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